Efforts to improve child welfare services for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer and questioning youths have largely focused on improving conditions for LGBTQ youths in out-of-home care. Although child welfare experts have long advocated that LGBTQ youths receive family centered services (DeCrescenzo & Mallon, 2002; Mallon, 1999; Mallon & DeCrescenzo, 2009), LGBTQ youths have yet to benefit from federal mandates for family support services and permanency planning (Jacobs & Freundlich, 2006; Mallon, Aledort, & Ferrera, 2002; Wilber, Ryan, & Marksamer, 2006).

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